English vocabulary for the kitchen

Some people have a fitted kitchen, where all the kitchen units have been bought together, and they are assembled according to a plan. Other people have a kitchen where the units are free-standing: not necessarily bought together at one time.

In a kitchen you are likely to find cupboards (or cabinets), either at floor level, or at eye level. In the eye level cupboards you will probably find dry goods (such as flour, sugar, rice, pasta, spices) and maybe glasses and crockery (plates, bowls etc). In the floor level cupboards you might find pots and pans: saucepans for cooking pasta etc; frying pans for frying food; baking tins and roasting tins for cooking food in the oven; and serving dishes made from glass or china. You could also find other kitchen implements such as a blender (= food processor) and kitchen scales (for measuring and weighing food). Often the top part of a floor level cupboard has a drawer, where various items are kept, such as cutlery (knives, forks and spoons); aluminium foil (metal paper), cling film (thin plastic wrap), freezer bags, and other kitchen items such as a bread knife, tin opener, corkscrew (to open bottles of wine), potato peeler (to take the skin off potatoes), a rolling pin (to roll out pastry) and so on.

On the top of the floor level cupboards you often find a worktop or work surface, where you can prepare food. These surfaces are sometimes made of marble, or hard wood, and they can be easily cleaned. Some people keep a toaster or microwave on the work surfaces, along with things they need frequently, such as oil, salt, or various sauces.

Most kitchens also contain a cooker with an oven and four rings, (although some modern cookers are split level, where the oven is separate from the rings), a fridge-freezer, and perhaps a dishwasher or even a washing machine. You’ll probably find a kitchen sink, where you wash the plates and dishes, and larger kitchens also contain a kitchen table and chairs, so you can eat in the same room.

New words and phrases:

  • fitted kitchen:Căn bếp mà mọi thứ  được mua một lần, đi chung với nhau, và được lắp ráp đồng bộ thành một cấu trúc.

    Fitted Kitchen

    Fitted Kitchen

  • kitchen units: vật dụng ở trong nhà bếp
  • free-standing: đứng độc lập, hiểu là các đồ đạc không nhất thiết được sắm đồng thời.
  • cupboard, cabinet: tủ tường ở trong nhà bếp, có hai loại: floor level -thấp ở ngang sàn nhà, eye level -treo cao ở ngang tầm mắt.

    Cupboard

    Cupboard

  • dry goods : hàng khô, bao gồm những thứ như  bột mì –flour, đường – sugar ,  gạo – rice, mì ống – pasta, gia vị – spice.

    Spices

    Spices

  • glasses : cốc

    Glasses and cabinets

    Glasses and cabinets

  • crockery : bát (bowls) đĩa (plates)…

    Crockery

    Crockery

  • pots :ấm
  • pans : xong chảo
  • saucepans : chảo nấu mì

    Saucepans

    Saucepans

  • frying pans : chảo chiên, rán

    Frying-pan

    Frying-pan

  • baking tins :khay nướng thịt

    Bakingtins

    Bakingtins

  • roasting tins :

    roastingtin and rackset

    roastingtin and rackset

  • kitchen implements : dụng cụ nhà bếp

    Kitchen implement

    Kitchen implement

  • blender : máy xay sinh tố

    Blender

    Blender

  • kitchen scales : cân dùng định lượng thức ăn

    Kitchen scale

    Kitchen scale

  • cutlery : dao dĩa…

    Cutlery

    Cutlery

  • aluminium foil : giấy nhôm

    Aluminium foil

    Aluminium foil

  • cling film : bao phim

    Cling film

    Cling film

  • freezer bags : túi bóng để cho thức ăn vào ngăn lạnh

    Freezer bag

    Freezer bag

  • bread knife : dao cắt bánh mì
  • tin opener : dụng cụ để mở đồ hộp

    Tin-opener

    Tin-opener

  • corkscrew :dụng cụ để mở rượu vang

    Corkscrew

    Corkscrew

  • potato peeler :dụng cụ để gọt khoai tâyrotato-express_potato_peeler
  • rolling pin : cái cán bột nhào

    Rolling pin

    Rolling pin

  • worktop,work surface : bàn chuẩn bị thức ăn
  • toaster : lò điện
  • microwave : lò vi sóng
  • fridge-freezer : tủ lạnh

    Fridge freezer

    Fridge freezer

  • dishwasher : máy rửa bát đĩa

    Dishwasher

    Dishwasher

  • kitchen sink : bồn rửa

    Sink

    Sink

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